Mixing large orchestral compositions can be a challenging task due to the complexity and variety of instruments involved. Here are some tips for mixing orchestral music with winds, brass, strings, and percussion:
Group instruments: Grouping instruments together can make it easier to manage levels and processing. For example, you can group all the strings, brass, woodwinds, and percussion separately to better control the overall balance.
Use EQ to balance frequencies: Use EQ to balance the frequencies of each instrument group. You can cut out unwanted frequencies and boost those that need more presence. For instance, use high-pass filters to remove any low-end rumble from the string section, and cut the high frequencies of the brass instruments to reduce harshness.
Use panning to create space: Panning can be a powerful tool to create space and place instruments in a cohesive sonic environment. Place instruments where they would naturally be in a live performance. For instance, strings are usually placed on the left side, and woodwinds on the right side of the stereo field.
Use reverb to add depth: Reverb can add depth and create a sense of space in the mix. Use different types of reverb for each instrument group, depending on the type of space you want to create. For example, use a large hall reverb for the strings, and a smaller room reverb for the woodwinds.
Use compression to control dynamics: Compression can help control the dynamics of each instrument group. Use it wisely, as over-compressing can lead to a loss of dynamics and clarity. Start with a low ratio and adjust the attack and release times to achieve a natural sound.
Automate levels: Use automation to create dynamic changes over time. For instance, automate the levels of the strings during a crescendo to create a sense of tension and excitement.
Use master bus processing: Use master bus processing to glue the mix together and add depth and warmth. Use EQ, compression, and limiting to balance and enhance the final mix.
Remember, mixing orchestral music takes time and patience. Be willing to experiment and make adjustments as needed.